A recent study published in The New England Journal of Medicine and co-authored by Saint Luke’s Health System‘s Paul S. Chan, M.D., is making national headlines on CNN, news radio, and other major outlets.
A comprehensive review of data showed Black and Hispanic individuals had 26% lower odds for receiving bystander CPR at home compared to White individuals and 37% lower odds of bystander CPR in public. These disparities remained regardless of neighborhood and type of public setting.
Paul Chan, MD headshot

Paul Chan, MD
St. Luke’s Cardiology

“These results were important to understand and likely emblematic of other larger social issues that affect health care and treatment,” Dr. Chan said in a St. Luke’s news release. “In cardiac arrest, you depend on bystanders to respond. Without them, the likelihood of surviving before first responders and paramedics arrive are substantially lower. That’s why this study really brings to light challenges with structural and individual bias that we, as a society, have to confront that may not be as prominent with other medical conditions.”
Dr. Chan has over 90 peer-reviewed publications, serves on multiple national committees for the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association, and is an internationally renowned for his work on cardiac arrest, quality and appropriateness of care, and disparities in care. He has a particular interest in studying the care of traditionally vulnerable populations (e.g., minorities, uninsured patients). He has received numerous awards for his research.
Learn more about this study and the research team’s findings in the news release from St. Luke’s Health System.